Compare marxist and functionalist perspectives Compare Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives Compare and Contrast Functionalist and Marxist Perspectives Sociology is a systematic way of studying the social world. It seeks to discover the causes and affects of intercommunication and interaction that arise in social relations.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? There are many different perspectives of the family. Each different view sees different things as the main role of the family. They believe that the main role of the family is to serve the interests of capitalism and bourgeoisie.
They also believe that the family cushions the main provider. He displays how the middle class take advantage of the working class and their labour; the working class are a tool used to create profit and to keep profit at a reasonable level. Marx argues that the monogamous middle class nuclear family developed to help them solve the problem of the inheritance of private property.
The men needed to know who their children were in order to pass on their property to their heirs.
The family was therefore thought to be by Marxists as designed to control women and protect property. The Middle class nuclear family is emerged with capitalism. It is patriarchal as designed to guarantee and encourage male power through the inheritance of property.
It therefore serves the interests of capitalism. Marxists would argue that families are a unit of reproduction, they believe that the family is essential in the reproduction of the labour force. People choose to have numerous children. More children meant more farm hands and help around the farm.
It also acted as an insurance, against the famine, disease and other natural disasters. After the industrial revolution this all changed, Families would have less children because there was a higher chance of them surviving.
The capitalist benefits from the unpaid labour given to them by women and children within the unit. Zaretsky argues that the family is a major consumer of capitalist products.
This fact in itself ensures a market for capitalist products. Because it means that the working class are first exploited and underpaid and then overcharged to buy the goods they do not need which they produced.
Functionalists would argue industrialisation led to the slow replacement of extended families by nuclear families because industrialisation requires more geographical and social mobility. Geographical mobility is easier for nuclear families while if within extended families young adults achieve higher social status through social mobility than their parents this, according to Parsons would make for social tensions within the extended family which would be avoided if young married adults lived separately in their own nuclear family.
Industrialisation leads also to processes of structural differentiation which implies that new more specialised social institutions such as factories, schools and hospitals develop to take over some of the functions previously performed by families.
This means therefore that the nuclear family loses some of its functions but it remains crucial in relation to the two functions which it does retain, the socialisation of the young and the stabilisation of adult personalities.
In conclusion, the main purpose of the family is to support capitalism to a certain extent as Marxists have many valid points however Capitalism may not be seen as biased and therefore the Marxist view of the family is rejected and Marxists ignore family diversity completely.We must re-examine the function of religion in the new light of the fact that taking place, the first requirement is that the Marxist view of religion must keep up with the times 1.
the whole Marxist world view of the religious question” (see the article “On the. I am interested to know how different Marxist philosopher views the role of education in the society.
I want to learn the differences between classical and neo Marxist views on education. Functionalist, Marxist and Feminist views of the family Question 1 Marxists are critical of the family and society. They believe society is based on a conflict between the classes - working class and ruling class.
The family helps to maintain class differences in society as the rich can afford to give their children a better start in life than. Structuralists proposed structural reading of Marxism in the following way (macro perspective of society): o must have sufficient differential roles and assignment of people to those role (social stratification) functional view of culture insists therefore upon the principle that in every type of.
Essay Task – Examine the differences between Marxist, Feminist and Functionalist views of the family. Please note this is an essay which will need to be at least words in length.
In your essay you must include all the words listed in . Examine Marxist views of the role of the family. (24 marks) Marxist sociologists believe that the family is shaped by the requirements of capitalism and serves to support and .