The amendment to Article 1 redefined the boundaries of Pakistan and removed references to East Pakistan after the recognition of Bangladesh by Pakistan.
Unlike the American political system [ click here ] and the British political system [ click here ] which essentially have existed in their current form for centuries, the Indian political system is a much more recent construct dating from India's independence from Britain in The current constitution came into force on 26 January and advocates the trinity of justice, liberty and equality for all citizens.
The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing articles, 12 schedules and 98 amendments, with somewords in its English language version.
In stark contrast with the current constitution of Japan which has remained unchanged [ click here ], the constitution of India has been one of the most amended national documents in the world with 98 changes in just over 70 years. Many of these amendments have resulted from a long-running dispute involving the Parliament and the Supreme Court over the rights of parliamentary sovereignty as they clash with those of judicial review of laws and constitutional amendments.
India's lower house, the Lok Sabha, is modelled on the British House of Commons, but its federal system of government borrows from the experience of the United States, Canada and Australia.
While the framers of the Indian constitution certainly had in mind this Anglo-Saxon idea of federalism, historically the central government has dominated over the regional states. The Constitution actually refers to India as a "Union of states" and perhaps a better term - which is also used in the mainstream media - is quasi-federal system.
This is normally a ceremonial role, originally modelled on the British monarch to "advise, encourage and warn" the elected government on constitutional matters.
The President can return a Parliamentary Bill once for reconsideration and, in times of crisis such as a hung Parliament, the role is pivotal. The President can declare a state of emergency which enables the Lok Sabha to extend its life beyond the normal five-year term.
As members of an electoral college, nearly 5, members of the national parliament and state legislators are eligible to vote in the election of the President. The current President is Ram Nath Kovind, a member of the dalit untouchable caste. There is also the post of Vice-President who is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of both houses of parliament.
The Vice-President chairs the upper house called the Rajya Sabha.
The head of the government is the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President on the nomination of the majority party in the lower house or Lok Sabha. Ministers are then appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister and these ministers collectively comprise the Council of Ministers.
As set out in the Constitution, the maximum size of the Lok Sabha is members, made up of up to members representing people from the states of India, up to 20 members representing people from the Union Territories, and two members to represent the Anglo-Indian community if it does not have adequate representation in the house according to the President.
Currently the size of the house is - made up of elected from the states, 13 elected from the territories, and two nominated from the Anglo-Indian community.
By far the largest state representation is that of Uttar Pradesh with 80 members. At the other end of the scale, three states have only one representative each.
There are certain constituencies where only candidates from scheduled casts and scheduled tribes are allowed to stand.The IELTS writing task 2 sample answer below has examiner comments and is band score 9. The topic of social media is common and this IELTS essay question was reported in the IELTS test.
DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN An Essay by ALI IQBAL “Government of the people, by the people, for the people” So, there are different schools of thought on it. Some people say that the system in Pakistan is not youth in our political system.
Many people believe that they will be the turning point of these elections. Nov 27, · Hi, i am new pfmlures.com check my essay and guide me for making it better for CSS pfmlures.com seniors i am waiting ur kind and friendly commenets Education in Pakistan: Problems. And if anyone can figure out decent ways for a Robin-Hanson-ian em-clan to put together a similar sort of internal legal system for its members, and can describe how cultural-evolutionary pressures would lead em-clans to tend towards any particular systemic details, I would love to read about it.
A norovirus outbreak has spread across evacuation shelters for the Camp Fire in California as smoke decreases the air quality to hazardous. Basically, according to Austin J, this is the life long process of development whereby people acquire their respective political orientations and the indoctrination of the public about the political system political cultures and values.
This process takes shape in .